Thursday, 9 February 2012

St Edmundsbury Cathedral, Bury St Edmunds

Eastern face of St Edmundsbury Cathedral

Throughout our exploration of The Ruins of the Abbey of St Edmund, we could see St Edmundsbury Cathedral in the near distance.  Like the houses I showed you at the end of the post on the ruins, the cathedral stands right alongside them.  An important destination for pilgrims from the 11th to the 16th century, all that remains of the Abbey at Bury St Edmunds, the wealthiest and most powerful Benedictine monastery in England, is St Edmundsbury Cathedral, St Mary’s Church and the Abbey Gate and Norman Tower.

St Edmundsbury Cathedral

The story of St Edmundsbury Cathedral is really fascinating.  The part of the cathedral that most captured my imagination, both inside and out was the Millennium Tower but as you can judge from the name, it is the most recent addition to the cathedral, completed only in 2005.  In truth, the construction of the church was never completed and it remained incomplete for 450 years.

St Edmundsbury Cathedral 2

When St James's Church was merely a parish church located in the complex of the majestic Abbey of St Edmund, it was deemed unnecessary to add another tower.  The Victorians began restoring cathedrals but never cast their eye on this parish church.  When St James's Church became the Cathedral Church of the Anglican Diocese of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich in 1914, it became clear that the cathedral would need to be completely restored.

St Edmundsbury Cathedral 3

The upheaval and financial strain of the First and Second World Wars meant that work only began in earnest in 1959.  Stephen Dykes Bower had been appointed architect in 1943 and when he died in 1994, he left £2 million to a Trust for the completion of the cathedral.  They also received another boost in 1997 when the Millennium Commission granted £5.15 million.  It seems that the cathedral would finally be completed after 450 years and construction of the tower began in 2001.

Tower at St Edmundsbury Cathedral

I stood looking at the tower for a very, very long time.  A local couple could obviously see my interest in it because they came over to me to chat.  They must have read my wondering mind because they confirmed that the  weather veins are solid gold.  They also pointed out that you can see the letter E (for St Edmund) on the face of the tower, just below the battlements.  It is in gothic uncial script, which was popular in medieval England, and is endowed with a crown.

I really love that they remained so faithful to the medieval gothic style when building the tower.  In fact, they clad the outside of the tower with the distinctive stone from Barnack and Clipsham to ensure that it blended in with the rest of the building.

South West Tower of St Edmunds Abbey

In the background of the photo above, you can see the post-medieval houses that were built into the remains of the south west tower and walls of St Edmunds Abbey.  I find that quite mercenary and opportunistic, even for the English whose history can be quite gruesome and horrible at times!

Monument to the Protestant Martyrs

Just before we went inside the cathedral, we noticed the Martyr’s Monument.  You will find these memorials located around England to remember the protestant martyrs who were killed during the reign of Queen Mary I for their protestant beliefs.  Mary I wanted to return England to Roman Catholicism and her gruesome campaign earned her the name of Bloody Mary.

Martyrs Monument Detail

This monument remembers 17 protestant martyrs from Bury St Edmunds who died between 1555 and 1558.  The monument was paid for by public subscriptions and was only erected in 1903.  It seems like many of the martyr’s monuments were erected during Victorian times.  I wonder why it took them so long but also why it seemed important to them at that time, four centuries later?

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16 comments

  1. What a wonderful building you have over there. And your angle on the photos is great. Wish you visit one of this places some day..

    Hope you have a blessed weekend:-)

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  2. Emm..your photos are exquisite...such beauty and detail..I so love the gothic style architecture..thanks fort his fabulous post...and intriguing imagery
    Shine on friend...
    Victoria

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  3. Fantastic buildings, well captured!

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  4. I was peeking around your blog and I'm quite estatic that you've been to Turkey, my favorite country :) I love seeing all these scenes of the UK, as well, so I'll be popping in!

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  5. It looks so mighty and majestic and proud! Love your captures and lil' history :)

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  6. wonderful photos and posting about the history, architecture..
    I enjoyed it

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  7. Nice. I like the architectural shots.

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  8. Another interesting journey

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  9. It looks magnificent. If this cathedral were in my land they would have never finished it, or, even worse, they would have completed it with some structure made of glass and aluminum. I'm glad it's in England :)

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  10. what a stunning post. beautiful building, lovely surroundings and a great sense of peace.

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  11. love the gothic architecture. It is amazing to think how long ago these were built.

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  12. My knowledge of England's churches are minimal other than what I learned in school long time ago. Can you imagine not finishing something for 450 years! Thanks for the tour!

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  13. @ Spiderdama: it was such a lovely church.. I really appreciated the chequer-board design. If you visit England, I would really recommend a visit to East Anglia.

    @ Victoria: Thank you so much. I just loved this church!

    @ Mats: Thank you and welcome to my blog!

    @ Ashley: Thank you! I really enjoyed Turkey and would definitely love to go there again one day.

    @ Ivanhoe: Thank you! I try not to get too deep into the history but I do like to share what fascinates me.

    @ This is Belgium: Thank you! I am glad you enjoyed it.

    @ Flutietootie: Thanks! I like taking architectural shots.

    @ Mo: thank you!

    @ Josep: Your comment really made me laugh! I would love to see some of the beautiful architecture in Catalan and Spain.

    @ Life Ramblings: thank you so much. I'm glad you liked it.

    @ Rob: yes, I love that about Britain and Europe. My hometown Johannesburg was only founded in 1886 when they discovered gold.

    @ AVCr8teur: I know - that was quite a surprise for me too, I must say.

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  14. As they say - things take time :-)

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  15. As much as I love looking at grand looking churches, I alwasy think about the cost and whether they wouldn't have been more Godly if they had built something simpler and spent the money saved doing gods work...and that relates to 450 yeas ago and to the present.

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  16. Very good photo !!!Now want to go to England !!!


    My blog - Photo and jokes from Russia and Europe http://fotoeuropesuper.blogspot.com/

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